Structural basis of α-scorpion toxin action on Nav channels

 

Thomas Clairfeuille, Alexander Cloake, Daniel T. Infield, José P. Llongueras, Christopher P. Arthur, Zhong Rong Li, Yuwen Jian, Marie-France Martin-Eauclaire, Pierre E. Bougis, Claudio Ciferri, Christopher A. Ahern, Frank Bosmans, David H. Hackos, Alexis Rohou, Jian Payandeh

Science
2019  vol: 363 Issue: 6433 doi: 10.1126/science.aav8573

Abstract

Voltage-gated sodium (Nav) channels are key players in electrical signaling. Central to their function is fast inactivation, and mutants that impede this cause conditions such as epilepsy and pain syndromes. The channels have four voltage-sensing domains (VSDs), with VSD4 playing an important role in fast inactivation. Clairfeuille et al. determined the structures of a chimera in which VSD4 of the cockroach channel NavPaS is replaced with VSD4 from human Nav1.7, both in the apo state and bound to a scorpion toxin that impedes fast activation (see the Perspective by Chowdhury and Chanda). The toxin traps VSD4 in a deactivated state. Comparison with the apo structure shows how interactions between VSD4 and the carboxyl-terminal region change as VSD4 activates and suggests how this would lead to fast inactivation.

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Topics: Prometheus – nanoDSF, a-scorpion toxin, Nav1.7 channel, Publications

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